Makeup Brands Who Use Ethical Mica – Avoiding Child Labour

posted in makeup 38

Mica is incredibly common – if you check your makeup products you will likely find it listed as an ingredient in most of them (it can also be labelled as CI 77019). Mica is a mineral that gives us glowing highlights, shiny lips, and glittery eyes. It’s also unfortunately an ingredient with ethical issues, child labour, and human rights abuses.

After learning more about mica I started looking for info about where brands were getting theirs, it was incredibly disappointing to see so many brands who market themselves as “cruelty free” having zero transparency about their mica sourcing. Why is this something so many beauty brands seem to be ignoring or trying to sweep under the rug?

So I’ve done some digging (no pun intended) and put together a list of cruelty free makeup brands that also have ethical mica.

But first, what is Mica and why is it bad?

Mica is group of shimmery minerals which are obtained through mining and the industry has a huge child labour problem. Children are unfortunately especially suited to mica mining as they can easily maneuver through the narrow mines and reach small spaces. It’s also extremely dangerous, according to SOMO’s mica mining report, “of all forms of hazardous work, mining is by far the most mortally dangerous sector for children”.

I highly recommend watching this short documentary to get a good overview of the child labour issues with mica:

Also, while I know the term “cruelty free” is used in regards to animal testing, it does feel incredibly hypocritical to call yourself a proud cruelty free brand while having dangerous and unethical child labour in your supply chain. 🤔

Ethical Mica

So far the brands who are actually addressing the issue seem to be taking two different routes – some are using synthetic mica created in a lab (also called synthetic fluorphlogopite) while others are trying to ethically and transparently source their mica. While I think both approaches have pros and cons, I definitely think it’s something brands need to be taking action on and looking into their supply chain!

Can you avoid mica by sticking to matte products?

This was one of my first thoughts, but unfortunately no. Even though mica is best known for adding shimmer, it’s also used to colour matte products as well. There are some mica-free products, but generally they’re difficult to find.

FYI – while mica is the base material, it’s actually coated in oxides to achieve the different colours, for makeup titanium dioxide (CI 77891) is most commonly used but I’ve often seen iron oxides used as well.

Are there certifications to look for?

One issue with trying to find ethical mica is there isn’t a third party certification or regulatory body to audit and oversee suppliers. The Responsible Mica Initiative is an organization set up to help monitor and improve child labour and poor working conditions however they rely on “voluntary collaboration” and don’t perform audits.

Unfortunately in almost all cases we have to take the brand’s word that their mica is mined fairly and without child labour. There definitely is some trust involved.

While we can’t be 100% certain, I would like to believe the following brands I’ve researched do care and are honest about their mica sourcing…

Makeup Brands who are Cruelty Free AND use Ethically-Sourced or Synthetic Mica

Pure Anada mineral pressed eyeshadow with child labour free mica

Pure Anada

A Canadian natural cosmetics and skincare line.

What they say: “Our Mica supplier ensures that their product is mined ethically in India without the use of child labour.  They own their own mines, fund schools and daycare centers so that the quality of life for their employees is fair.”

👍 I really appreciate that this information is included and easily found in their “about” section unlike many other brands where it can be quite hard to find or not publicly available at all.


A bath, body, and beauty company who is vocal about mica issues and uses synthetic mica.

Clove + Hallow

A vegan makeup brand who claims to be “child labor free” and sources their mica from the US.

What they say: “[Mica is] a natural shimmery mineral that we source ethically within the United States”

Au Naturale creme highlighter in "rose gold" with child labor free mica

Au Naturale

A “clean beauty” cosmetics line.

What they say: “our micas are child labor free – mined, processed and distributed sustainably world wide. We take a purists stance when it comes to color – refusing to partake in unethical sourcing practices that are harmful to people, animals or the environment”

And on a mica blog post they say “Because our suppliers own their supply chain from harvesting to processing and distribution, we can assure only the highest quality micas, mined without the use of child labor, are used in our formulations”

Aether Beauty

Vegan “clean beauty” brand which uses both natural and synthetic mica.

They have a whole blog post about mica in makeup. Pertaining to their own use they say: “When we use natural mica, we source only from suppliers in the US or Malaysia. These areas have (and enforce) ethical labor standards which prevent the use of child labor. We avoid all mica from India or Madagascar where labor standards are unregulated and child labor is rampant. We choose synthetic mica when we can’t vet and guarantee that the source of our mica is child-labor-free.”

🚩 I want to note that the SOMO report does list Malaysia as a “high risk” country “suspected of illegal mining” so the part of their statement about Malaysia enforcing ethical standards doesn’t seem accurate.

Red Apple Lipstick Eyeshadow with ethically sourced mica

Red Apple Lipstick

A gluten free, vegan, natural beauty brand (not just lipstick).

I couldn’t find anything on their website, but when I reached out to them they said: “we source all of our ingredients from the United States, a few from Europe and some others from Canada. All of which we make sure do not involve child labor, and that workers are paid fairly.” Specifically about their mica they said, “We source all of our mica from the US from privately owned mines. This allows us to be assured that child-labor is never used, and that miners are paid fairly + treated very well.”

Fat and the Moon

I couldn’t find anything on their website, but when I reached out to them they said they use synthetic mica.

From a DM: “The mica that we use is lab-created, not mined. We know about the horrendous circumstances in which mined mica is a result and do not support those practices. The mica that we use is made of natural ingredients that mimic mined mica”

🚩 Note that they just list “Mica” in their ingredients. This is legal however I would definitely prefer if brands specify that it is synthetic mica.

100% Pure

100% Pure "moonstone glow" Gemmed Luminizer with ethical mica

A natural makeup, skincare, and beauty brand.

What they say: “All of our products use ethically sourced mica.”

I reached out to them for more info and this was their statement: “We condemn the use of child labor in particular, in manufacture and service of any raw materials. All of our mica suppliers are required to annually provide certificates that child labor is not used in mica mining and the subsequent manufacturing processes.”

Dr. Hauschka

A large natural beauty and skincare brand.

I couldn’t find anything on their website, but after reaching out they sent me a statement from their head company (WALA Heilmittel GmbH) which includes this: “Due to close co-operation with the local authorities, a better co-operation with the miners and regular and unannounced on-site audits, our supplier can guarantee, since the middle of 2011, that all mica retrieved by them from India is free of child labour.”

The rep also said that they were in the process of re-doing their website which is why I couldn’t find this info publicly.


A natural and organic beauty and skincare brand.

What they say: “Our suppliers work within the Ethical Trade Initiative and do not employ child labour in the mining and processing of their products. Our suppliers have been carefully selected with their guarantee that they work within the Ethical Trade Initiative, from regions where ethical business practices are transparent and do not employ child labour.”

RMS Luminizers with child labor free mica


Organic and “clean” makeup brand.

I couldn’t find anything on their website, but when I reached out to them they said: “All of our ingredients are sourced fair-trade and cruelty-free. For proprietary reasons, we cannot provide specific sourcing information for the mica we use, but please know that our founder Rose-Marie spends much of her time sourcing ingredients from sustainable and environmentally friendly sources. We would never source ingredients from a facility that utilizes child labor.”

And they also said: “We are working on getting ours “certified child labor free“ but the certification has not been finalized yet.”

I really wish this info was available publicly in their ingredients break-down!

Jane Iredale

A mineral makeup company who uses synthetic mica.

🚩 Note that they just list “Mica” in their ingredients. This is legal however I would definitely prefer if brands specify that it is synthetic mica.

Elate Cosmetics

A Canadian natural and low waste makeup brand. Shopping from the US? You can find them here.

What they say: “The mica used in Elate products is fair trade, and sourced from suppliers who are active members of the Responsible Mica Initiative.”

🚩 Please see above about about certifications and the RMI

Mica-Free Makeup

Haut Cosmetics

Canadian makeup and beauty line with all mica-free products.


Has a mica-free collection, they also say the mica in their other products is ethically sourced but so far I haven’t been able to find more information.

My friend Kassia created this gorgeous eye look featuring some of these ethical mica brands!

Mica products used:

  • Pure Anada pressed eye shadow in Sweetheart  – lid
  • RMS beauty eye shadow in Enchanted Moodlight – outer corner
  • RMS beauty Sensual Skin Trio
    • Blush in Demure
    • Luminizing Powder in Madeira Bronzer
    • Luminizing Powder in Grande Dame – highlight
  • Red Apple Beauty lipgloss in Sun Sparkles

And check out the shimmery holiday makeup post we did together for more ethical mica makeup looks!

Those are the brands I’ve found so far and check back as this post will be updated as I discover new brands. Overall there is still a huge lack of transparency about this issue, which I hope will improve; however this is at least a good start to better awareness and more responsible sourcing.

Also if you know of any other mica-free or ethically sourced makeup brands please share them in the comments!

RMS Sensual Skin Trio

Is Mica in Other Products?

It’s also important to know that mica isn’t only used in makeup. Electronics is actually the industry that consumes the most mica (about 26%), followed by paint (24%), construction – typically used in drywall (20%) and then cosmetics which uses about 18% of mica produced. (source)

The unfortunate thing is that in these other industries it’s even harder to avoid or find transparent and ethical alternatives. With makeup we at least have some more power as consumers to make better choices, but this isn’t the only area where child labour in mica mining is an issue!

LAST UPDATED: 19/12/20

38 Responses

  1. Kim
    | Reply

    I’m allergic to mica and need to find cosmetics that don’t use it. Anyone!

  2. Anna Carmen Hernandez
    | Reply

    I am looking for companies that sell ethically sourced mica but still still help these families. Does anyone know of resources?

  3. Viiv
    | Reply

    Hi Everyone, i’m looking to see if mac cosmetics use mica from India’s Jharkhand region… i cannot seem to find anything and their website doesn’t seem to mention it.. i’m concerned because i have spent money with them and i’m now finding out about this.. why isn’t this more widely known? mac is vocal on their site about animal testing and how some governments “makes mac apply for animal testing permits before allowing them to sell to their population.”
    Mac’s website doesn’t even mention if it uses responsibly sourced mica.. it seems that they either dont know or dont care, but the amount of publicity theyr products have and the cost of each or their products makes me think they have the resources to find out or to hire an independent panel to investigate.. is mac using child labour products?
    my instinct is that they dont know and dont want to know but there seems to be nothing on the web about this.. are they like the makeup mafia or something? Its simply important to me to find out if im buying responsible products or not and to stop buying them if they are.. im sure they dont care about my 50bucks worth of eyeshadow but i do, i work hard for my money.. to know that i may be enabling these practices makes me uncomfortable to say the least.

    • Jem
      | Reply

      Hi Viiv,

      I actually found my way to this website in the same way. I recently bought my first MAC foundation and it really bothers me to think that by doing so I’ve contributed to child labour.

      I was wondering if you were able to get in contact with their team and ever have your question clarified.

      Thanks in advance!

      • Ruby Sometimes
        | Reply

        They source their mica through Merk, which does use child slave labor in their mines. Sephora Uses Merk as well. ColourPop wont give you a straight answer, which makes me believe they also source through Merk (merk supplies 65% of the cosmetics industries Mica).
        Popular indie cosmetic companies I’ve written that DO NOT use slave/child labor Mica are Winky Lux, Feral Beauty and JDGlow

  4. JoAnn Fowler
    | Reply – ethically mined minerals as well as low heavy metal minerals 🙂
    100% vegan

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      Hi JoAnn, I see you’re the owner of Sappho! I actually briefly looked into Sappho because I used to use some of your products. However all I could find on your website is “Mica suppliers are members of the Responsible Mica Initiative”, which as mentioned in this post isn’t very reliable. Can you provide any other info about the ethical sourcing of your mica?

  5. Sadie
    | Reply

    Dab Herb Makeup & Skincare is another cool one! Here’s right on their FAQ page:

    “Is your Mica ethically sourced?

    Yes! What little mica we use is mined and processed in the USA.

    We’re very aware that child labor is a prevalent issue in illegal mica mines. DabHMS is against such unethical practices and our source of mica has made every effort to assure us that the mica they provid is not sourced from mines that utilize child labor.

    It is important to us that our sources share our same values. Dab only supports sources and manufacturers that observe ethical sourcing, cruelty free, and fair trade practices and we are very strict when it comes to choosing our suppliers.”

    Thanks to everyone else for all of these other brands—lol I have basically purchased one product from each at this point!

    • Sadie
      | Reply

      Oh—and Eco Lips!! Very cool company based in Iowa very vocal about all things fair trade!!

    • Sadie
      | Reply

      Here’s a mica statement from Pacifica, a more popular and affordable vegan, cruelty-free, USA-manufactured brand often found at places like Target, Ulta, etc.:

      “Alex (Pacifica)
      Jan 29, 2021, 9:15 PST


      Thank you so much for taking a moment to reach out. As we use natural minerals, many of our color products contain mica. We require that our mica is sourced from companies that have a clear policy on child labor and humane mining practices.

      Please do not hesitate to follow up with any further questions or concerns. I am more than happy to help!

      Have a wonderful day,
      Customer Care

      Jan 28, 2021, 22:41 PST

      Hello, I am wondering if you might be able to provide me with any information on where the mica in your products is sourced from. i.e., Is it sourced from within the United States? If not, does Pacifica follow fair trade practices with respect to its mica sourcing?

      Thank you!”

      This is sort of vague and obviously not advertized on their products or website. Still, this is a well-established brand built for decades on doing things differently from vegan ingredients to recycled packaging, so I trust that this effort is sincere. Plus, just as a comparison, their eye palettes and mascara are a fraction of the price you see from some of these other brands, e.g. $10 Tiger’s Eye palette vs. $36 Clove + Hallow Sunrise palette or $14 Aquarian Gaze mascara vs. $27 Au Naturale Bold Statement Vegan Mascara. It’s definitely not a knock against some of these other companies doing an amazing job but rather just a reminder that making ethical purchases in the first place can be a fiscal privilege for a lot of us, and some of these other brands that may not seem as up to snuff can still be great options. Hope this helps some of you on this page! I know I really like Pacifica so I was encouraged by this.

  6. Amanda
    | Reply

    I got this response from The Honest Company:
    At Honest, we work with trusted suppliers and manufacturers. We require our contract manufacturers to attest and confirm that all mica used in the products has been ethically sourced and is in compliance with all labor and child labor laws relating to hiring, wages, working hours, over-time and working environment, as well as the California Transparency in Supply Chain Act. We also aim to partner with contract manufacturers that are members of the Responsible Mica Initiative, an effort which works to eradicate child labor and unacceptable working conditions in the Indian mica supply chain.

    The Honest Company was built around the ethical values of transparency, trust, sustainability and a deep sense of purpose — we continue to live those values by delivering safe and effective products sources from credible manufacturers.

    Thank you!
    The Honest Company

    • Danette
      | Reply

      I emailed Boom by Cindy Joseph. Their mica is manufactured In the US, not mined according to the reply I received.

      Jessi Meadows (BOOM by Cindy Joseph)
      Nov 30, 2020, 6:14 AM EST


      Thank you for reaching out!

      Boomstick Color and Boomstick Glimmer do contain mica. The mica we use in Boom products is synthetically produced in a lab in the United States. It is not mined.

      We would be happy to share our ingredient list with you.

      Please follow these instructions to find the ingredients for any Boom product:

      Click here:

      Scroll down to the Boom product you’re interested in learning more about.

      Beneath that product, click the “view details” box.

      Once you’re on the product details page, scroll down to where it says “Click here to fall in love with our ingredients” to open the ingredients window. Enjoy!

      As always, please let us know if you have any further questions.

      Until then, have a wonderful day!

      Jessi Meadows
      Customer Advocate
      It’s about women. It’s about beauty. It’s about time.

  7. an
    | Reply

    Northlore is a small Canadian company that first drew my attention to this issue, and source responsibly.

    • Cara
      | Reply

      I hope more brands turn towards synthetic mica as it’s extremely difficult to guarantee that mines, especially in India, are truly cruelty free. Another issue is that these mines are usually the only job provider in the areas so when Lush, for example, stopped using mica, the workers lost their income, which presents another set of major issues. This problem is so much more complicated than just switching to synthetic mica but something needs to be done. The exact same issues plague the palm oil industry, an ingredient in beauty products and food. Cruelty free doesn’t just mean no animal testing, it means not harming people as well. Thank you for this list of brands!

  8. Kara T
    | Reply

    From What company is the eye shadow palette that is pictured at the bottom of the page? Those are great colors, and I would love to find that palette!

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      Unfortunately it’s just a stock photo, but a bunch of the brands mentioned like Red Apple, Pure Anada, and Elate all let you build your own palettes so you can customize it with the colours you like!

    • molly
      | Reply

      I’d look at Aether beauty, I think they have a very similar palette

  9. Rebecca
    | Reply

    Omiana is also in this category. I don’t have any of their products, but you may wish to include in post. This is something not much spoken about in clean beauty and its great that you are encouraging awareness.

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      Thank you! I’ve added Omiana 🙂

  10. Naomi
    | Reply

    omiana has mica free makeup

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      Thanks!! Updated 🙂

  11. Meredith
    | Reply

    I found this about BeautyCounter –
    I’m curious if anyone has any thoughts about BeautyCounter in general and if they are doing what they say they are doing.

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      Since they operate as an MLM I don’t consider them to be an ethical company.

      • Meredith Rubin
        | Reply

        Got it! Ok, thanks very much for your input :).

        • Jackie Judge
          | Reply

          What about ilia? Do they use mica? It’s so hard to find out!

      • Sarah
        | Reply

        I may have missed this in your post. But could you please explain what you mean by an MLM? Thanks in advance!

        • Verena Erin
          | Reply

          It stands for Multi-Level Marketing. It’s a business model where the vast majority of people involved actually lose money (and have to work a ton) while the small percent at the top make a lot of money. It’s basically a legal pyramid scheme and many people are unfortunately taken advantage of. Here’s an article that talks about some of the issues with MLMs:

          • Natalie

            Yes, I agree all MLM should be illegal. Especially Young Living and Doterra which actually verge on cults.
            I absolutely agree with you about MLMs, however, I think you could have shared better sources.

            However Verena you mentioned Lush as being an ethical company, however they were actually voted as the least ethical and sustainable supply chain in 2019. They took mica out of their products as consumers were vocal about the practice of using child labour.

            I use synthetic mica and the only ethical mica I have been able to source. For us little guys who are using transparent and sustainable practices it is extremely hard to source raw materials that actually are sustainable. Especially when it’s not just about cruelty-free sourcing. I’m in Australia, part of sustainable practice is carbon foot print, therefore sourcing products from the USA and Europe makes our products less sustainable. I find this the hardest part of being a cosmetics formulator. Sometimes it’s simply impossible to source raw materials (produced) in Australia and it means that somehow we have to offset the carbon emissions in our supply chains. I can offset this in other parts of my business. For example in reusable and refillable packaging – we offer a recycling service as well.

            Sustainability is also about taking into account social, environmental and economical aspects throughout the whole production chain.

          • Verena Erin

            Regarding Lush do you mean the Ethical Consumer rating?

      • Cara
        | Reply

        I was really disappointed to see that Sephora now carries Beauty Counter. While they do give the option to buy products outside of their MLM program, it’s the same company and the products are the same overpriced ones that are sold by the MLM. The Body Shop is another one with their Body Shop at Home MLM program. These are predatory pyramid schemes that prey on women, oftentimes stay at home moms, promising them a high monthly income with only a few hours of work per week. What they don’t tell people is that nobody makes money selling the products, they will only do so by recruiting new salespeople. Less than 1% of people actually make the money promised and most end up losing money. These companies need to be made illegal.

  12. Bri
    | Reply

    I reached out to 100% pure about their mica sourcing and this is what they said!

    “Mineral cosmetics are colored with ingredients like iron oxides, talc, zinc oxide, and titanium dioxide. 100% PURE cosmetics aren’t mineral-based formulas—mostly we use fruit and vegetable pigments for color—but some products do have mineral pigments or mica. To add shimmer to some products, we use cosmetic mica (a shimmery rock) which isn’t dangerous or harmful.

    We also ensure that our mica is sourced within the framework of the Ethical Trade Initiative base code. We are confident that our mica is not only of the highest quality but that it’s produced in the most ethical and safe way possible. The mill, located in Andhra Pradesh, is a modern, high-tech facility, that never utilizes child labor and holds product quality to exceptional standards.”

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      Thanks for sharing that! It’s taken them ages to get back to me.

  13. Katerina
    | Reply

    For folks in Australia, I messaged Moogoo regarding their makeup and they have said they are as sure as they can be without regulatory bodies that their mica is ethically sourced. Their makeup is very good and affordable, too!

  14. Paula
    | Reply

    NOTO botanics also sells child labor/slave free beauty products and have a statement on their website especially about pigments under “sustainability” and “faq”. Thanks for your work!

    • r
      | Reply

      thank you for recommending this brand! I looked it up and it really looks great!

  15. Jessica
    | Reply

    Check out Aether Beauty. They claim to be a sustainable clean beauty brand. They also state that they do not use mica unless it’s ethically sourced. If they can’t get ethically sourced, they state that they use synthetic. They’re also vegan and cruelty free. I love their eyeshadows.

    • Verena Erin
      | Reply

      They’re added! I was initially skeptical of their statement because what they say about sourcing from Malaysia is contradicted by a child labour report, however I’ve still included them but added my concerns as a note.

      • Fran reid
        | Reply

        Does anyone know if the company Avon use synthetic mica or ethically sourced

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